Research updates on strabismus associated with congenital cataract

Authors: Wu Yazhen,  Yan Hong

DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20190401-00159
Published 2021-04-10
Cite asChin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2021, 39(4): 346-350.

Abstract

Patients with congenital cataract often present strabismus simultaneously.Strabismus is closely related to the occurrence of cataract, and is one of the main threats for the development of binocularity and the therapeutic effect of amblyopia.In addition, strabismus negatively affects the appearance and psychological well-being of patients.The influencing factors of strabismus associated with congenital cataract include bilateral or unilateral congenital cataract, type of cataract, timing of cataract surgery, cataract surgery techniques, type of optical correction of aphakia and so on.Visual rehabilitation after congenital cataract surgery is inseparable from the treatment of strabismus.In this article, recent progress on the incidence, pathogenesis, influencing factors, timing of surgery and prognosis of strabismus associated with congenital cataract were reviewed, which might help to understand its clinical features and relevant treatment strategy.

Key words:

Congenital cataract; Strabismus; Pathogenesis; Influencing factors; Surgical timing

Contributor Information

Wu Yazhen
Xi’an People’s Hospital (Xi’an Fourth Hospital), Shaanxi Eye Hospital, Affiliated Xi’an Fourth Hospital, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710004, China
Yan Hong
Xi’an People’s Hospital (Xi’an Fourth Hospital), Shaanxi Eye Hospital, Affiliated Xi’an Fourth Hospital, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710004, China
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Updated: April 14, 2021 — 8:15 am