Changes of pupil diameter and pupillary centroid shift of myopia from scotopic to photopic condition

Authors: Zhu Qing,  Wang Yan,  Ning Wenxing,  Zhang Yaohua,  Cheng Wenbo,  Cui Tong,  Hao Weiting

 DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20200512-00338
Published 2020-06-10
Cite as Chin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2020,38(06): 510-514.

Abstract

Objective

To study the pupillary centroid shift of myopia and characteristics of pupil diameter change from scotopic to photopic condition.

Methods

A case series study was carried out, 140 eyes of 70 myopia patients from September to November 2016 in Tianjin Eye Hospital were enrolled.The pupillary centroid shift and pupil diameter parameters were measured by visual quality analyzer from scotopic (0.017 lx) to photopic (10.400 lx) condition.This study followed the Declaration of Helsinki.

Results

Under the scotopic and photopic conditions, the pupil diameter was positively correlated between the bilateral eyes (scotopic: rs=0.85, P<0.001; photopic: r=0.85, P<0.001), and the pupil diameter variation from scotopic to photopic condition was positively correlated between the bilateral eyes (r=0.75, P<0.001). The pupil diameter in scotopic and photopic conditions, and the change of pupil diameter in the right eyes were significantly higher than those in the left eyes (all at P<0.05). The pupillary centroid shift was within 0.2 mm in the left eyes of 94.2% (66/70) subjects and in the right eyes of 97.1%(68/70) subjects.The pupillary centroid shift of all subjects was within 0.3 mm.From scotopic to photopic condition, the pupil centroid was mainly shift to the nasal superior direction.There was no significant correlation between pupil diameter and age or gender.There was no significant correlation between pupillary centroid shift and age, diopter or pupil diameter.

Conclusions

The binocular pupillary centroid shift are symmetrical from scotopic to photopic condition in myopic eyes, and the pupil centroid mainly shift to nasal superior direction.

Key words:

Myopia; Pupil; Scotopic; Photopic; Illumination

Contributor Information

Zhu Qing
Clinical College of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Eye Institute, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tianjin 300020, China
Wang Yan
Clinical College of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Eye Institute, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tianjin 300020, China
Ning Wenxing
Clinical College of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Eye Institute, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tianjin 300020, China
Zhang Yaohua
Clinical College of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Eye Institute, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tianjin 300020, China
Cheng Wenbo
Clinical College of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Eye Institute, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tianjin 300020, China
Cui Tong
Clinical College of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Eye Institute, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tianjin 300020, China
Hao Weiting
Clinical College of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Eye Institute, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tianjin 300020, China
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Updated: July 2, 2020 — 2:01 am