Authors: Du Yuqin, Zhou Chunyang, Zhou Yuehua, Li Yu, Su Dan, Wen Long
To compare the clinical outcome of transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (TransPRK) using 1 050 Hz ablation frequency and intelligent pulse technique (SPT) and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for myopia and astigmatism.
A cohort study was performed.Eighty-five eyes of 43 patients who received TransPRK for myopia and 85 eyes of 46 patients who received SMILE for myopia in the Ineye Hospital of Chengdu University of TCM were enrolled from August 2017 to April 2018.The follow-up duration was 6 months.The changes of visual acuity and diopter were observed and compared before and after operation, and the predictability, stability, safety, effectiveness and long-term vision were compared between the different surgeries.This study complied with the Declaration of Helsinki and the study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Ineye Hospital of Chengdu University of TCM.
The refractive power tended to be emmetropic and relatively stable in the TransPRK group, and the refraction varied from mild hyperopia to emmetropic gradually during 6 months after SMILE.There was no significant difference in the spherical equivalent (SE) between the two groups before and after operation (all at P>0.05). No significant difference was found in mean validity index between the two groups at 6 months after surgery (1.189±0.248 vs.1.120±0.205; t=1.862, P=0.065). The uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) in the SMILE group was significantly higher than that in the TransPRK group at 7 days and 1 month after surgery (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in UCVA between the two groups at 3 months and 6 months after surgery (P>0.05). The safety index at 6 months after surgery in the TransPRK group was 1.209±0.222, which was significantly higher than 1.143±0.178 in the SMILE group, with a significant difference between the two groups (t=2.024, P=0.045).
The predictability, stability, safety, effectiveness and long-term vision are good after TransPRK with SPT and SMILE for myopia and astigmatism.The safety index is better in TransPRK compared with SMILE, and the restoration of vision is faster after SMILE than that after TransPRK.