Effect of compound anisodine on the ocular blood flow of glaucoma patients

Authors: Lin Yushun,  Dou Hongliang,  Li Jingfu,  Yang Yujie,  Wang Xin,  Huang Ping,  Zhang Chun
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.2095-0160.2015.02.017
Published 2015-02-10
Cite as Chin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2015,33(2): 175-183.

Abstract                              [Download PDF] [Read Full Text]

Background

The incidence and progression of glaucomatous optic neuropathy is related to a disturbance of the retrobulbar hemodynamics.Compound anisodine is clinically applied for the treatment of ischemic ocular diseases.

Objective

To evaluate the effects of compound anisodine injection on the ocular blood flow of glaucoma patients.

Methods

Twenty-one patients with primary glaucoma were divided into the treatment group and the control group.The eyes of each patient in the treatment group were selected further into the treatment eye group(11 eyes with greater mean deviation [MD]) or the opposite eye group(11 eyes with lesser MD).One of the eyes of each patient in the control group with MD value were selected as control eyes (10 eyes).The treatment eye group received compound anisodine on the para-superficial temporal artery via subcutaneous injection once a day for 2 treatment periods (each period equals 14 days,with 7 days intermittent between periods,totally 35 days) in addition to routine treatment.The retrobulbar blood flow,optic disc data,refraction error,visual field and intraocular pressure were measured in 3 time points:Before treatment period(baseline test),one day after treatment period(the 1st postreatment test) and 35 days after treatment period(the 2nd posttreatment test).

Results

Compared with the control group,the peak systolic velocity (PSV) and end diastolic velocity (EDV) of short posterior ciliary artery (SPCA) of the treatment eye group were relatively increased significantly in the 1st posttreatment test (P=0.017,0.028),the PSV of SPCA of the opposite eye group was relatively increased significantly in the 1st posttreatment test (P=0.049),the EDV of central retinal artery (CRA) of the opposite eye group was relatively increased significantly in the 2nd posttreatment test (P=0.035).In contrast to the treatment eye group,the inferior quadrant RNFL thickness of the optic disc decreased significantly in the 2nd posttreatment test in the control group (P=0.009),the 6 o’clock RNFL thicknesses of the optic disc decreased significantly in the 1st posttreatment test in the control group (P=0.014),and the 6 o’clock and 7 o’clock RNFL thicknesses of the optic disc decreased significantly in the 2nd posttreatment test in the control group (P=0.029,0.011).

Conclusions

The application of compound anisodine for the treatment of primary glaucoma relatively increases the PSV and EDV of SPCA.

Key words:

Glaucoma; Hemodynamics; Anisodine

Contributor Information

Lin Yushun
Peking University Third Hospital, Peking University Eye Center, Beijing 100191, China
Dou Hongliang
Li Jingfu
Yang Yujie
Wang Xin
Huang Ping
Zhang Chun
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Updated: June 8, 2023 — 8:23 am