Recent advances on the role of various cells-derived exosomes in ocular surface

Authors: Kang Yiling,  Zhao Shaozhen
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20200419-00271
Published 2022-08-10
Cite asChin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2022, 40(8): 766-770.

Abstract                                        [View PDF] [Read Full Text]

Exosomes are membranous vesicles secreted by cells and can be widely involved in intercellular communication, anti-inflammation, immunoregulation, etc.Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC), regulatory T cell (Treg), immature dendritic cell (imDC) and myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) are the main ocular surface-related exosomes origins.Exosomes derived from different cells play their roles by delivering different biological molecules to recipient cells.Exosomes derived from MSC play a positive role in ocular surface inflammation and immune-related diseases by inhibiting T cell proliferation, transforming macrophage phenotype, regulating T helper (Th) cell differentiation and up-regulating Treg expression, reduce neovascularization and inflammation, and foster a microenvironment to promote corneal wound healing at the same time.Exosomes derived from Treg contain inducible NO synthase and microRNA (miRNA) including miR-503, miR-330 and miR-9, which can interfere with cell cycle progression, induce apoptosis, induce the differentiation of other T cells into Treg phenotype, inhibit T cell allograft rejection to induce immune tolerance.Exosomes derived from imDC inhibit corneal allograft rejection by delivering miR-682.MDSC-derived exosomes promote Treg expansion in vivo and in vitro, inhibit the proliferation and cytotoxicity of activated T cells, and express miR-29a-3p and miR-93-5p, which can inhibit the differentiation of Th1 and Th17 cells.Given the anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects of exosomes, this paper reviewed the studies on ocular surface inflammation and immune-related diseases such as corneal injury, mucopolysaccharide storage disease, dry eye, Sjögren syndrome and ocular graft-versus-host disease.

Key words:

Exosomes; Extracellular vesicles; Mesenchymal stem cell; Regulatory T cell; Immature dendritic cell; Myeloid-derived suppressor cell

Contributor Information

Kang Yiling

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin Branch of National Clinical Research Center for Ocular Disease, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin 300384, China

Zhao Shaozhen

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin Branch of National Clinical Research Center for Ocular Disease, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin 300384, China

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