Authors: Deng Siyuan, Chen Zhipeng, Feng Lei, Lu Zhong-Lin, Li Jinrong
To assess the association between visual-related quality of life (QOL) and the severity of quick contrast sensitivity function (qCSF) defects in patients with early cataract.
A cross section design was performed.Ninety-two eyes of 46 patients with early cataract were enrolled in Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center from March to June in 2017.All subjects completed the Chinese version of the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25). The qCSF measurements were performed monocularly and binocularly while the patients wearing full spectacle correction spectacles.Rasch analysis was performed to obtain final NEI VFQ-25 scores.Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA)(LogMAR) was measured and the eye with the better or the worse visual acuity was defined accordingly.The correlation between the Rasch calibrated QOL composite scores and the qCSF measurements of the better eye, the worse eye and binoculus, including the area under Log contrast sensitivity function (AULCSF), qCSF under cut-off frequency and 1.0, 1.5, 3.0, 6.0, 12.0, 18.0 c/d were analyzed.This study protocol was approved by the Ethic Committee of Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center.This study complied with Declaration of Helsinki.
The Rasch calibrated QOL composite score was 64.13±4.76.Significant negative correlations were found between composite scores of QOL and the BCVA of both the better or worse eye(the better eye: r=-0.386, P=0.008; the worse eye: r=-0.413, P=0.004). Significant positive correlations were found between the composite scores of QOL and the AULCSF of binoculus, the better and worse eye (binoculus: r=0.531, P<0.001; the better eye: r=0.524, P<0.001; the worse eye: r=0.711, P<0.001); Significant positive correlations were found between the composite scores of QOL and the qCSF under cut-off of binoculus, the better and worse eye (binoculus: r=0.504; the better eye: r=0.419; the worse eye: r=0.694, P<0.01). The composite scores of QOL was positively correlated with the qCSF under 1.5, 3.0, 6.0, 12.0 c/d of binoculus, the better and worse eye (binoculus: r=0.444, 0.544, 0.545, 0.493; all at P<0.05; the better eye: r=0.374, 0.506, 0.530, 0.431; all at P<0.05; the worse eye: r=0.513, 0.679, 0.710, 0.558; all at P<0.05). The composite scores of QOL was positively correlated with the qCSF under 1.0, 18.0 c/d of binoculus and the worse eye (1.0 c/d: r=0.296, 0.292; both at P<0.05; 18.0 c/d: r=0.386, 0.321; both at P<0.05).
The qCSF measurements can reflect visual function of patients with early cataract at different spatial frequencies.The qCSF measurements of binoculus, the better eye and the worse eye show significant correlations with the composite scores of QOL.The QOL of early cataract patients shows a strong dependency on the worse eye.