Comparison of corneal biomechanics in the early postoperative period between TransPRK and SMILE

Authors: Ning Jiliang,  Fang Shifeng,  Jin Lin,  Yan Chunxiao,  Sun Siyu,  Chen Ruoyu,  Xing Zequn,  Yu Taorui,  Zhang Lijun
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20211130-00659
Published 2023-11-10
Cite as Chin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2023, 41(11): 1098-1104.

Abstract                             【Download PDF】 【Read Full Text

Objective

To investigate the effects of transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (TransPRK) and femtosecond small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) on corneal biomechanics measured by the Ocular Response Analyzer in the early postoperative period.

Methods

A cohort study was conducted.The right eyes of 56 patients who underwent TransPRK and 52 patients who underwent SMILE in Dalian Medical University Affiliated Dalian Third People’s Hospital from November 2020 to June 2021 were continuously included.The postoperative follow-up was 3 months.The central corneal thickness (CCT) and keratometry (Km) were measured 1 month and 3 months after surgery.The corneal-compensated intraocular pressure (IOPcc), corneal resistance factor (CRF), corneal hysteresis (CH), and 19 repeatable mechanical infrared signal waveform parameters measured by the Ocular Response Analyzer were recorded before the surgery, 1 month and 3 months after the surgery, respectively.The measurement indexs at different time points between two groups were compared.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and the study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Dalian Medical University Affiliated Dalian Third People’s Hospital (No.2019-KT-010). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before surgery.

Results

There was no significant difference in CCT, Km, and IOPcc between the two groups at 1 month and 3 months after the surgery (all at P>0.05). In both groups, CRF, CH, p1area, p2area, p1area1, p2area1, w1, w2, w11, w21, h1, h2, h11, h21, dive1, dive2 and mslew1 were decreased, while path1, path2, path11, and aplhf were increased at 1 month after the surgery compared with before surgery, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.05). In both groups, CRF, CH, p1area, p2area, p1area1, p2area1, w1, w2, w11, w21, h1, h2, h11, h21, dive1 decreased, while path1, path2, path11, and aplhf were increased at 3 months after the surgery in comparison with before surgery, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.05). In SMILE group, the dive2 were decreased at 3 months after the surgery compared with before surgery, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). At 1 month after the surgery, p1area, p2area, p1area1, p2area1, w1, w2, w11, w21, dive1 and dive2 were higher, while CH, path1, path2, and path11 were smaller in TransPRK group than in SMILE group, showing statistically significant differences between them (all at P<0.05). At 3 months after the surgery, p1area, p2area, p1area1, p2area1, w1, w2, w11, w21, h2, h21, dive1 and dive2 were higher, while path1, path2, and path11 were smaller in TransPRK group than in SMILE group, showing statistically significant differences between them (all at P<0.05).

Conclusions

Corneal biomechanics are weakened after both TransPRK and SMILE.In the early postoperative period, the mechanical infrared waveform parameters measured by the Ocular Response Analyzer are better after TransPRK than after SMILE.

Key words:

Corneal surgery, laser; Transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy; Femtosecond small incision lenticule extraction; Corneal biomechanics

Contributor Information

Ning Jiliang

Department of Ophthalmic Refractive Center, Dalian Medical University Affiliated Dalian Third People’s Hospital, Dalian 116033, China

Fang Shifeng

Department of Ophthalmic Refractive Center, Dalian Medical University Affiliated Dalian Third People’s Hospital, Dalian 116033, China

Jin Lin

Department of Ophthalmic Refractive Center, Dalian Medical University Affiliated Dalian Third People’s Hospital, Dalian 116033, China

Yan Chunxiao

Department of Ophthalmic Refractive Center, Dalian Medical University Affiliated Dalian Third People’s Hospital, Dalian 116033, China

Sun Siyu

Department of Ophthalmic Refractive Center, Dalian Medical University Affiliated Dalian Third People’s Hospital, Dalian 116033, China

Chen Ruoyu

Department of Ophthalmic Refractive Center, Dalian Medical University Affiliated Dalian Third People’s Hospital, Dalian 116033, China

Xing Zequn

Department of Ophthalmic Refractive Center, Dalian Medical University Affiliated Dalian Third People’s Hospital, Dalian 116033, China

Yu Taorui

Department of Ophthalmic Refractive Center, Dalian Medical University Affiliated Dalian Third People’s Hospital, Dalian 116033, China

Zhang Lijun

Department of Ophthalmic Refractive Center, Dalian Medical University Affiliated Dalian Third People’s Hospital, Dalian 116033, China

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