Consensus on enhancing eye-use behavior interventions for myopia prevention and control of children and adolescents (2023): an extraordinary prescription for eye-use behavior intervention

Authors: Public Health Ophthalmology Branch of Chinese Preventive Medicine Association,  Public Health Ophthalmology Specialty Committee of Beijing Preventive Medicine Association
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20230102-00002
Published 2023-04-10
Cite as Chin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2023, 41(4): 297-302.

Abstract                              [Download PDF] [Read Full Text]

The trend of onset of myopia at a younger age and the increasing prevalence of high myopia have become a major public health problem that endangers the eye health of children and adolescents, causing heavy burdens and economic losses to China’s social public health service.Reducing the incidence and progression of myopia in children and adolescents is a national strategic goal.Myopia in children and adolescents is a multifactorial eye disease, which involves the educational process, study environment, learning-related equipment and students’ eye-use behavior.Recent studies showed that eye-care habits managements for myopia prevention and control are more consistent with the natural course of eye and physical and mental health in children and adolescents.Based on the extensive research and summary of the relevant practical experience, the Public Health Ophthalmology Branch of Chinese Preventive Medicine Association, and the Public Health Ophthalmology Specialty Committee of Beijing Preventive Medicine Association, in response to the current problems in the prevention and control of myopia in children and adolescents, discussed and formed the Consensus on enhancing eye-use behavior interventions for myopia prevention and control of children and adolescents (2023), which proposed an extraordinary prescription for myopia prevention and control among children and adolescents.Specific measures proposed by the consensus include the establishment and use of an early warning system for myopia prevention and control among children and adolescents, eye-care methods during the study of children and adolescents, supervision of outdoor activities, the cooperation of home and school in myopia prevention, and popularization and education of the extraordinary prescription for myopia prevention and control among children and adolescents and their parents.This consensus proposes myopia prevention and control measures that are more economical, reasonable, safe and effective, easy to popularize and promote.

Key words:

Myopia/prevention & control; Child; Adolescent; Eye-use behavior; Health economics; Health care; Consensus

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Public Health Ophthalmology Branch of Chinese Preventive Medicine Association
Public Health Ophthalmology Specialty Committee of Beijing Preventive Medicine Association
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