Features of dominant eye and the significance of ocular dominance switching in the treatment of ocular diseases

Authors: Yan Weijia,  Xu Wen,  Yan Hong
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20220504-00191
Published 2024-04-10
Cite as Chin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2024, 42(4): 372-375.

Abstract                             【Download PDF】 【Read Full Text

The dominant eye is the eye that plays a significant role in visual perception.It plays an essential role in binocular vision and fusion functions with a complex formation mechanism.According to the principle of the dominant eye examination method, ocular dominance can be classified into sighting, motor, and sensory dominance.Changes in visual acuity or visual function due to the unbalanced progression of binocular disease may lead to the switch in the dominant eye, affecting the balance of binocular vision and the therapeutic effect.Therefore, misjudging or neglecting of the dominant eye will change the long-term visual balance between the eyes, which may affect people’s visual quality and quality of life.These aspects are mainly represented in the process of refractive error correction, refractive surgery, strabismus correction surgery, amblyopia training methods and cataract intraocular lens measurement.The formulation of medical plans based on the strategy of the dominant eye can remarkably improve the reconstruction good binocular vision and the quality of life of patients.However, the role of the dominant eye in binocular vision is not fully understood, and clinicians are not sufficiently aware of its importance.Therefore, this study will review the latest research progress on the mechanism of dominant eye formation, examination methods, and clinical significance of dominant eye switching.

Key words:

Ocular dominance; Refractive errors; Cataract; Strabismus; Amblyopia; Dominant eye switching

Contributor Information

Yan Weijia

Eye Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang University Eye Hospital, Hangzhou 310009, China

Xu Wen

Eye Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang University Eye Hospital, Hangzhou 310009, China

Yan Hong

Shaanxi Eye Hospital, Xi’an People’s Hospital (Xi’an Fourth Hospital), Affiliated People’s Hospital of Northwest University, Xi’an 710004, China

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