Authors: Rong Weining, Zhang Fangxia, Liu Yani, Lei Bo, Sheng Xunlun
To identify the pathogenic mutation in a five-generation Ningxia family with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentsoa (adRP) and to analyze its associated clinical phenotype.
One adRP pedigree was recruited for this study.All the patients and family members received complete ophthalmic examinations.DNA was abstracted from peripheral blood of three patients, one normal family member and 300 normal controls.Using whole exome sequencing (WES) chip and bioinformatics analysis to screen the candidate disease-causing mutations.PCR and direct sequencing were used to confirm the disease-causing mutations.Genotype-phenotype correlation was also analyzed.This study followed the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of People’s Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (No.20160204).
PRPF31 c. C1048T (p.Q350X) nonsense mutation was identified as the disease-causing mutation for this family by WES chip, PCR and direct sequencing.This family demonstrated early onset of the disease by presenting nyctalopia from 5 to 6 years, performed rapid disease progression, severely impaired visual function and posterior subcapsular cataract.The fundus presentations and electroretinogram (ERG) results showed typical RP progressions.
PRPF31 c. C1048T (p.Q350X) nonsense mutation is the disease-causing mutation of this family.This mutation is first reported in Chinese with distinct phenotypes in the present family, including early onset of the disease, rapid disease progression, severely impaired visual function and posterior subcapsular cataract.