Paying close attention to the therapeutic effect of brolucizumab on polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and its clinical application

Authors: Liu Jingyao,  Liu Boshi,  Li Xiaorong

DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20230315-00087

Published 2023-07-10
Cite as Chin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2023, 41(7): 617-622.

Abstract                              [Download PDF] [Read Full Text]

Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) occurs in the middle-aged and elderly population and is characterized by abnormal intrachoroidal vascular patterns such as branching choroidal vascular networks and polypoidal dilatation of vessel terminals, subretinal orange nodular lesions and hemorrhagic or plasma retinal pigment epithelial detachment (PED), which can cause retinal hemorrhage or vitreous hematopoiesis and is one of the major blinding fundus lesions.Intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs is currently the main method of PCV treatment, and has certain advantages in eliminating abnormal vascular networks and removing polypoidal lesions, reducing vascular exudation and promoting exudate absorption, and improving visual prognosis.However, frequent intravitreal drug injections increase the risk of infection and the treatment burden for patients.In addition, the high recurrence rate after treatment poses a significant challenge to clinical practice, so the search for new therapeutic agents that are durable and less costly is a focus of clinical research in PCV.The literature from abroad suggests that brolucizumab is a novel small-molecule anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody with the advantages of high tissue penetration, high local drug concentration and bioavailability, small injectable dose, long-lasting efficacy and long injection interval, which brings new hope for the clinical treatment of PCV and improving the prognosis of affected eyes.Although the efficacy and safety of brolucizumab in the treatment of PCV have been well documented, the literature is mainly from Japan, India and Korea, and clinical practice data from China are still lacking.With the approval of the drug in several countries, it is believed that more PCV patients could benefit from this treatment in the near future.Ophthalmologists and researchers in China should closely follow the progress of brolucizumab in the treatment of PCV.

Key words:

Brolucizumab; Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy; Vascular endothelial growth factors; Intravitreal injections; Therapeutic uses

Contributor Information

Liu Jingyao

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin Branch of National Clinical Research Center for Ocular Disease, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin 300384, China

Liu Boshi

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin Branch of National Clinical Research Center for Ocular Disease, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin 300384, China

Li Xiaorong

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin Branch of National Clinical Research Center for Ocular Disease, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin 300384, China

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