Spectral domain OCT for the differentiation of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy from wet age-related macular degeneration

Authors: Xia Song,  Yang Jingyuan,  Zhao Xinyu,  Chen Youxin

DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.2095-0160.2020.01.011
Published 2020-01-10
Cite as Chin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2020,38(01): 55-59.

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) for the differentiation of PCV from wet age-related macular degeneration (wAMD).

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted from Jun 2014 to Apr 2016 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital.The case series included 132 eyes of 126 patients with clinical diagnosis of PCV or wAMD.Eyes with three or more of the following SD-OCT findings were diagnosed with PCV: double layer sign, pigment epithelium detachment (PED), a sharp PED peak, a PED notch and a hyporeflective lumen representing polypoidal lesion.The sensitivity and specificity of the OCT-based diagnosis was estimated.Levels of agreement were determined by κ analyses.

Results

One hundred and twenty-six patients (132 eyes) with PCV or wAMD were enrolled in the study.In PCV patients, PED notch, a hyporeflective lumen representing polypoidal lesion, PED peak, double layer sign and PED were 38, 35, 48, 40 and 46, accounting for 67.9%, 62.5%, 85.7%, 71.4% and 82.1%, respectively.In wAMD patients, PED notch, a hyporeflective lumen representing polypoidal lesion, PED peak, double layer sign and PED were 12, 3, 11, 8 and 26, accounting for 14.5%, 10.5%, 34.2%, 15.8% and 3.9%, respectively, which were all lower than PCV, with statistically significant differences (all at P<0.001). SD-OCT detected PCV in 49 of 56 eyes and 10 PCV patients were misdiagnosed as wAMD.The sensitivity and specificity of SD-OCT for the differentiation of PCV from wAMD were 87.5% and 86.8%, respectively.The consistence between SD-OCT and imdocyanine green angiography (ICGA) was moderate (κ=0.738, P<0.001).

Conclusions

SD-OCT exhibits high sensitivity and specificity in PCV diagnosis.The presence of DLS, PED, a sharp PED peak, a PED notch, and a hyporeflective lumen representing polypoidal lesion is suggested to be a new diagnostic strategy for PCV.

Key words:

Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy; Optical coherence tomography; Branching vascular network; Double layer sign

Contributor Information

Xia Song
Department of Ophthalmology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China
Yang Jingyuan
Zhao Xinyu
Chen Youxin
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Updated: March 17, 2020 — 8:30 am