Advances in myopia progression and its risk factors in children and teenager

Authors: Lin Zhong,  Liang Yuanbo,  Li Xiaoxia,  Balamurali Vasudevan,  Kenneth J Ciuffreda
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.2095-0160.2015.12.020
Published 2015-12-10
Cite as Chin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2015,33(12): 1148-1152.

Abstract                              [Download PDF] [Read Full Text]

Myopia is an important public health issue.Great attention has been paid to myopia in children and teenager since its incidence is progressing rapidly worldwide, especially in Asia.Although there are substantial reports on both myopia progression and its risk factors in children and teenager, challenges are encountered when attempting to compare results among individual studies due to different population, definition of myopia, cycloplegic eye drops, refraction methods, and so on.This review aimed to summarize the reports on myopia progression and its risk factors such as age, gender, refractive state, near work, outdoor activities, parental myopia, or parental bearing age in children and teenager (<18 years) since 1990.

Key words:

Myopia; Progression; Risk factors

Contributor Information

Lin Zhong
The Affiliated Eye Hospital, School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, China
Liang Yuanbo
Li Xiaoxia
Balamurali Vasudevan
Kenneth J Ciuffreda
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Updated: February 27, 2023 — 7:03 am