An overview of gonococcal ophthalmia

Authors: Bai Xueqing,  Sun Xuguang
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20211110-00618
Published 2023-10-10
Cite as Chin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2023, 41(10): 1011-1015.

Abstract                            【Download PDF】 【Read Full Text

Gonococcal ophthalmia is an infectious disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection of the eye, the most common of which is acute purulent conjunctivitis.Neonatal gonorrheal ophthalmia has an acute onset and is an important blinding eye disease.Non-neonatal gonococcal conjunctivitis occurring in adults or children is quite difficult to diagnose and treat due to the lack of specific clinical manifestations.The incidence of gonorrhea, the second most common bacterial sexually transmitted disease, has increased in recent years, and drug-resistant strains of gonococcus are emerging and spreading, raising the possibility that conventional anti-infective treatment of the eye may be ineffective.Ophthalmologists should be familiar with the clinical features, diagnostic procedures, and current medication guidelines for gonococcal ophthalmia, and to control the emergence and spread of drug-resistant strains of bacteria.In this article, we introduced the clinical features, laboratory tests, diagnostic methods, and current medication guidelines for gonococcal ophthalmia.

Key words:

Neisseria gonorrhoeae; Ophthalmia; Conjunctivitis

Contributor Information

Bai Xueqing

Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Children’s Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children’s Health, Beijing 100045, China

Sun Xuguang

Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100005, China

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