Focusing on the rational application of 0.1% CsA cationic emulsion in ocular surface inflammatory disorder

Authors: Lu Yiteng,  Zhou Xujiao,  Hong Jiaxu
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20230331-00115
Published 2023-05-10
Cite as Chin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2023, 41(5): 417-420.

Abstract                              [Download PDF] [Read Full Text]

Ocular surface inflammatory disorder (OSID) is a chronic ocular disease caused by systemic disorders or involving the local immune system.OSID induces persistent inflammatory reaction in the ocular adnexal connective tissues which in turn give rise to tear hypertonicity and ocular surface epithelial damage, leading to dry eye formation or progression.Common immune-related ocular surface diseases include vernal keratoconjunctivitis, Sjögren syndrome, graft versus host disease, dry eye and immune-related corneal disease, all of which can significantly impact the visual function and quality of life of patients.Current treatments including the use of artificial tears and glucocorticoid eye drops are not always effective and have the risk of adverse events.Cyclosporine A (CsA) is a commonly utilized immunosuppressant that has a strong immunomodulatory effect, but its clinical application is somewhat limited due to the low permeability of its current ophthalmic dosage form.The development of CsA ophthalmic agents has changed the treatment strategy for OSID.The development of 0.1% CsA cationic emulsion has significantly improved the efficacy and safety of topical CsA treatment, which is worth the attention.In order to rationally apply 0.1% CsA cationic emulsion to OSID, ophthalmologists should fully understand the immune-related pathogenesis of each OSID and comprehend the curative effect, indication, application methods and adverse events of topical CsA treatment.

Key words:

Cyclosporine A; Ocular surface inflammatory disorder; Dry eye disease; Vernal keratoconjunctivitis; Curative effect; Adverse event; Cationic emulsion

Contributor Information

Lu Yiteng

Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai Eye &

ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 200031, China

Zhou Xujiao

Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai Eye &

ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 200031, China

Hong Jiaxu

Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai Eye &

ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 200031, China

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