Proteomic analysis of extraocular muscles from patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy by tandem mass tag

Authors: Meng Qingyu,  Liang Shuting,  Wang Yi,  Wang Lejin,  Zhao Mingwei,  Wu Xi
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20210802-00442
Published 2022-11-10
Cite asChin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2022, 40(11): 1006-1012.

Abstract                              [View PDF] [Read Full Text]

Objective

To identify the proteins differentially expressed in extraocular muscles between restrictive strabismus patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) and concomitant esotropia patients by proteomic analysis using tandem mass tag (TMT).

Methods

Extraocular muscles samples from 5 restrictive strabismus patients with TAO and 5 concomitant esotropia patients were collected at Peking University People’s Hospital from August 2019 to December 2020.All the patients received strabismus surgery.Differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in extraocular muscles samples were identified by quantitative proteomic analysis and bioinformatic analysis based on TMT.Fold change≥1.2 or≤0.83 and P value<0.05 was regarded as the threshold to screen DEPs.GO annotation, KEGG pathways enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of DEPs were conducted through UniProtGOA and STRING.This study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Peking University People’s Hospital (No.2021PHB058-001).

Results

A total of 53 DEPs were identified, 34 of which were up-regulated and 19 were down-regulated.The biological processes DEPs mainly participated included response to stimulation, multicellular organismal process, metabolism, developmental process, intracellular signal transduction, and positive regulation of biological process.DEPs were involved in pathways including focal adhesion, tight junction, regulation of action cytoskeleton, and apoptosis.Six key proteins identified using PPI network were myosin heavy chain 2, myosin heavy chain 7, myosin regulatory light chain, α-actinin-2, fibrinogen alpha chain and fibrinogen beta chain.

Conclusions

There are DEPs in extraocular muscles between restrictive strabismus patients with TAO and concomitant esotropia patients.Myosin, actinin and filamin may be involved in the pathogenesis of TAO through regulation of actin cytoskeleton and focal adhesion.

Key words:

Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy; Strabismus, restrictive; Proteomics; Tandem mass tag

Contributor Information

Meng Qingyu

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University People’s Hospital, Eye Diseases and Optometry Institute, Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Therapy of Retinal and Choroid Diseases, College of Optometry, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100044, China

Liang Shuting

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University People’s Hospital, Eye Diseases and Optometry Institute, Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Therapy of Retinal and Choroid Diseases, College of Optometry, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100044, China

Wang Yi

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University People’s Hospital, Eye Diseases and Optometry Institute, Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Therapy of Retinal and Choroid Diseases, College of Optometry, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100044, China

Wang Lejin

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University People’s Hospital, Eye Diseases and Optometry Institute, Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Therapy of Retinal and Choroid Diseases, College of Optometry, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100044, China

Zhao Mingwei

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University People’s Hospital, Eye Diseases and Optometry Institute, Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Therapy of Retinal and Choroid Diseases, College of Optometry, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100044, China

Wu Xi

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University People’s Hospital, Eye Diseases and Optometry Institute, Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Therapy of Retinal and Choroid Diseases, College of Optometry, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100044, China

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