Relationship between near work and the development of myopia in adolescents

Authors: Lin Yaoyao,  Jin Wanqing
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20190505-00206
Published 2021-06-10
Cite asChin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2021, 39(6): 563-567.

Abstract

Juvenile myopia has become a serious public health problem in China, presenting rapidly increasing incidence and younger onset age.Refractive eye development is controlled by both genetic and environmental factors.In recent years, near work among environmental factors has become a hotspot in myopia risk factors research.However, the association between near work and myopia still remains controversial.In this article, the epidemiological studies on the relationship between near work content, total time spent on near work, intensity of near work and myopia, and its possible mechanisms (including near-work-induced transient myopia, accommodative lag and scleral hypoxia) were summarized, so as to provide reference for myopia epidemiology and etiology.

Key words:

Adolescents; Myopia; Occurrence; Development; Near work

Contributor Information

Lin Yaoyao

The Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, China

Jin Wanqing

The Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, China

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Updated: June 24, 2021 — 8:18 am