Repeatability of CASIA2 for measuring the tilt and decentration of crystalline lens and intraocular lens under non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions

Authors: Tang Yuling,  Liao Xuan,  Tan Qingqing,  Qian Jiulin,  Yang Li,  Zhou Guimei,  Lan Changjun
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20210526-00323
Published 2022-05-10
Cite asChin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2022, 40(5): 440-447.

Abstract

Objective

To investigate the repeatability and correlation in tilt and decentration measurement of crystalline lens and intraocular lens (IOL) under non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions using swept-source ocular coherence tomography CASIA2.

Methods

A diagnostic test study was conducted.A total of 109 cataract patients (157 eyes) who received phacoemulsification with IOL implantation surgery in the Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College from March to July 2020 were enrolled.The decentration and tilt of crystalline lens and IOL under non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions were measured for three times by a single examiner using CASIA2 before and one week after surgery.The 0.5% compound tropicamide eye drops were used to dilate.Repeatability was evaluated by within-standard deviation, test-retest repeatability (TRT), coefficient of variation (CoV) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The correlation in decentration and tilt of crystalline lens and IOL between before and after mydriasis was assessed by Pearson correlation coefficient.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki, and the study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of the Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College (No.2020ER030-1). Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects before any medical examination.

Results

The decentration of crystalline lens under non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions was (0.217±0.112)mm and (0.220±0.110)mm, respectively, and the tilt was (5.017±1.422)° and (5.310±1.645)°, respectively.The decentration of IOL under non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions was (0.245±0.136)mm and (0.250±0.145)mm, respectively, and the tilt was (5.144±1.345)° and (5.437±1.646)°, respectively.No significant difference was found between non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions (all at P>0.05). Under both non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions, the crystalline lenses of both eyes decentered and tilted toward the inferotemporal direction, and the IOL of right eyes decentered toward the inferior and tilted toward the inferotemporal direction, and the IOL of left eyes decentered and tilted toward the inferotemporal direction.Except the crystalline lens decentration, the measurement repeatability of crystalline lens tilt, IOL decentration and tilt in cataract patients before and after mydriasis was good, with ICC range in 0.815-0.984, TRT<50% and CoV≤14.840%.The measurement repeatability of crystalline lens decentration was poor, and the measurement repeatability of decentration axis, tilt and tilt axis of crystalline lens, and the repeatability of decentration and tilt of IOL were good in both eyes, with ICC range in 0.757-0.998, TRT<50% and CoV≤17.763%.There were good correlations in decentration, decentration axis, tilt and tilt axis of crystalline lens and IOL between non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions (all r≥0.679, all at P<0.01).

Conclusions

The measurement repeatability of decentration axis, tilt and tilt axis of crystalline lens and IOL, as well as the decentration of IOL by CASIA2 before and after mydriasis is good.The correlations of the measured parameters before and after mydriasis are good.

Key words:

Tomography, optical coherence/swept-source; Diagnostic test; Cataract; Lenses, intraocular; Decentration; Tilt; Repeatability

Figures and tables

Contributor Information

Tang Yuling

Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Medical School of Ophthalmology &

Optometry, North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong 637000, China

Liao Xuan

Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Medical School of Ophthalmology &

Optometry, North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong 637000, China

Tan Qingqing

Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Medical School of Ophthalmology &

Optometry, North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong 637000, China

Qian Jiulin

Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Medical School of Ophthalmology &

Optometry, North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong 637000, China

Yang Li

Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Medical School of Ophthalmology &

Optometry, North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong 637000, China

Zhou Guimei

Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Medical School of Ophthalmology &

Optometry, North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong 637000, China

Lan Changjun

Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Medical School of Ophthalmology &

Optometry, North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong 637000, China

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