Comparison of one-year postoperative visual quality between trifocal and monofocal intraocular lens implantation

Authors: Qin Qin,  Liu Jun,  Chen Hui,  Li Yizhuang,  Bao Lianyun,  He Zifang,  Xie Zhenggao
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115989-20200211-00060
Published 2022-05-10
Cite asChin J Exp Ophthalmol, 2022, 40(5): 454-460.

Abstract

Objective

To compare the one-year postoperative visual quality after trifocal intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and monofocal IOL implantation.

Methods

A cohort study was conducted.Forty-one eyes from 41 age-related cataract patients who underwent phacoemulsification extraction combined with IOL implantation in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from May 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled.The patients were divided into trifocal IOL group (20 eyes) receiving ZEISS AT LISA tri 839MP trifocal IOL implantation and monofocal IOL group (21 eyes) receiving ZEISS 603P monofocal IOL implantation according to their willingness.One year after surgery, uncorrected distant visual acuity (UCDVA), uncorrected intermediate visual acuity (UCIVA), uncorrected near visual acuity (UCNVA), best corrected distance visual acuity (BCDVA), distance corrected intermediate visual acuity (DCIVA) and distance corrected near visual acuity (DCNVA) were detected in both groups.The patient point spread function (PSF), modulation transfer function (MTF) cutoff frequency, Strehl ratio (SR), OQAS Ⅱ values at 100%, 20%, and 9% contrast (OV 100%, OV 20%, OV 9%) and objective scattering index (OSI) were measured by OQAS Ⅱ.Wavefront aberrations including total aberration (TA), total high order aberrations (tHOAs), spherical aberration, coma, trefoil aberration, total low order aberrations (tLOAs), defocus, and astigmatism were evaluated with the iTrace visual function analyzer.All aberrations were represented by root mean square.The visual acuity of operative eyes was measured with a phoropter, and defocus curves were drawn with visual acuity better than 0.5 LogMAR.The incidence of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in the IOL region was quantitatively analyzed by Sellman method.Visual function was scored by visual function index (VF-14). This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School (No.2018-219-01). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to any medical examination.

Results

One year after the operation, UCIVA, UCNVA, DCIVA, and DCNVA of trifocal IOL group were significantly better than those of monofocal IOL group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.001). OQAS Ⅱ visual quality indicators showed that the MTF cutoff frequency, SR, OV 100%, and OSI values of trifocal IOL group were significantly higher than those of monofocal IOL group, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.001). No significant difference in wavefront aberrations was found between the two groups (all at P>0.05). Defocus curve showed that the LogMAR visual acuity of patients at -1.0 D, -1.5 D, -2.0 D, -2.5 D, -3.0 D, and -3.5 D (namely, 1 m, 66 cm, 50 cm, 40 cm, 33 cm, and 29 cm) in monofocal IOL group were significantly better than those in trifocal IOL group (all at P<0.05). There was a higher incidence of PCO in trifocal IOL group than monofocal IOL group, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=41.0, P<0.001). The VF-14 score of trifocal IOL group was 87.99±1.09, which was significantly higher than 81.49±1.67 of monofocal IOL group (t=10.301, P<0.001).

Conclusions

One year after trifocal IOL implantation, the full range of vision, subjective and objective visual quality of eyes are better than eyes implanted with monofocal IOL.

Key words:

Cataract; Surgery; Lenses, intraocular, trifocal; Lenses, intraocular, monofocal; Visual quality

Contributor Information

Qin Qin

Department of Ophthalmology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China

Liu Jun

Department of Ophthalmology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China

Chen Hui

Department of Ophthalmology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China

Li Yizhuang

Department of Ophthalmology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China

Bao Lianyun

Department of Ophthalmology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China

He Zifang

Department of Ophthalmology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China

Xie Zhenggao

Department of Ophthalmology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China

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